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State's finances deemed to be improving
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There are signs that the state’s finances are getting healthier, but local governments in New York continue to flounder.
Governor Cuomo and his budget director, Robert Megna announced that the state finally got an upgrade in an assessment from a major rating agency. Standard and Poors changed the state’s outlook from “stable” to “positive”.   Megna says he hopes that lays the groundwork for an improvement in the state’s credit rating, which has been ranked as weak for decades.
“This outlook revision is professional evidence from an outside observer that New York is once again on the right track,” said Megna.
Standard and Poors cited two years of on- time budgets that held the line on spending, taxes and borrowing led them to their decision.  
Cuomo says the austere state budgets, beginning with a $10 billion dollar cut last year, and continued   penny pinching this year, paid off.
“We tackled the tough ones,” said Cuomo, who said he tamped down the growth of spending on education and health care.
Cuomo and lawmakers also agreed to curb pension growth in the future with a new benefit tier for public workers.
While the state’s financial management has improved, most local governments around the state are suffering.  A report by  Comptroller Tom DiNapoli found many municipalities in a precarious state, with more than 300 running a deficit and over 100 having cash flow problems.  Local governments are squeezed by soaring health care and pension costs, combined with a recently enacted property tax cap.  Counties across the state are struggling to keep their public nursing homes running.
Comptroller DiNapoli says some local governments might eventually have to be taken over by a financial control board.
Betsy Lynam, with the watchdog group Citizens budget Commission, calls the Standard and Poors upgrade  the “good housekeeping stamp of approval”  on the state’s fiscal practices since 2010. But she shares concerns over local governments, which she says are facing numerous “fiscal pressures”.
“They’re going to also find ways to do more with less,” said Lynam ,who said localities also have to get state government  to “take account of whatever  its share of the problem  happens to be”.
Governor Cuomo says the municipalities need to take more responsibility and do more to control costs. He says the state would still be struggling too, if he and the legislature had not made what he calls “tough choices”.
“We’re both swimming in the same pond here, and the same choices that face the state face the local governments ” said Cuomo . “If they don’t make the right decisions,  they could have a financial problem.”
Lynam agrees the local government leaders also have to get their own house in order.
“They don’t get to just write it all off  on the state, they have to do the heavy lifting,” Lynam said. “And try to reign in their expenditures as much as they can.”  
Governor Cuomo has appointed a commission to study mandate relief and other methods to save local governments money, like consolidation. It’s known as the SAGE commission. A report was due in June, but it’s been delayed.