President-elect Donald Trump has promised to repeal the Affordable Health Care Act, also known as Obamacare, and replace it with something else. While no one really knows what that means, one healthcare analyst with a prominent Albany think tank says New York could be billions of dollars in the hole as a result.
The fiscal watchdog group the Empire Center is trying to figure out what would happen if President-elect Trump and Congress really do make big changes to President Obama’s Affordable Care Act. The Center’s health policy analyst Bill Hammond says the state budget could end up with a very large deficit, as high as $2.7 billion dollars.
“My finding is that New York potentially could be hurt more by Obama care repeal than any other state except California,” Hammond said. “This is because we have a really large Medicaid program.”
And the state’s Medicaid program greatly expanded under Obamacare. States were given the option of expanding their Medicaid programs to enroll more people into the health care exchanges, to those earning up to 138% of the federal poverty level. The federal government, for now, pays the entire costs. New York took full advantage of that deal, as well as another plan for the federal government to subsidize low-cost health insurance for the working poor who earn up to twice the federal poverty rate.
In the past, Republicans in Congress have tried unsuccessfully to repeal the Medicaid portion of the Affordable Care Act. It’s much more likely that they could succeed in ending the Medicaid funding early next year.
Governor Cuomo says that would be morally wrong and have “dire” financial consequences for New York.
“If they go with the classic conservative governmental theory of cutting those programs to the high needs states, it’s going to be a serious problem,” Cuomo said.
The governor says there are already other pressures on the state budget. Tax receipts have been coming in a bit lower than expected. He hinted that he may have to reauthorize a temporary tax surcharge on New York’s wealthiest when it expires in 2017, in order to make up for any potential losses.
“The big question is you don’t know what the federal government is going to look like,” said Cuomo “You need that answer first before you can say what you’re going to do on taxes.”
Repealing the Affordable Care Act would also have a huge impact in the individual insurance market, that’s been set up for people who pay the premiums themselves. The costs are already rose by an average of 16% this year. President-elect Trump has said he wants to keep some parts of Obamacare, like allowing children to stay on their parents’ insurance plans until the age of 26, and not penalizing people for pre-existing health conditions. But Hammond, with the Empire Center, says if the other regulations that require healthy people to buy the insurance are rescinded, the entire market would descend into what he calls a “death spiral”.
“We know this happens because it did happen in New York before the affordable care act,” he said.
He says New York’s laws required insurance companies to cover high-risk people, and the costs skyrocketed .
Governor Cuomo says he’s not panicking yet, though.
“The President-elect has said a lot of things,” Cuomo said. “I want to wait and see what the President-elect actually does, and what the congress has an appetite to do, and then we’ll respond accordingly.”
According to the state health department, New York’s health exchange has so far been a success, enrolling more than 3 million New Yorkers in the health coverage plans over the past three years. The number of uninsured New Yorkers has declined during that same time from 10% to 5%.